The significance of modern means of communication in the Arab Spring is undisputed. Although Syrian society took its time adapting to them, they have certainly made their mark in the Syrian revolution.
Long before the revolution was even launched, cyberspace was utilized to oppose the regime. With the increase in violence, the internet has become the main medium for expression and exchange of opinions and information. Videos uploaded on YouTube function for these reasons and were, at one point, the only visual resource for what was happening on the ground. Facebook groups comprise another important means of communication. Some Facebook groups specialize in reporting news about everyday life and providing instructions for cases of emergency, while other groups organize participative forums concerned with a specific topic or public figure. For political and civil organizations that have no way to express themselves in the physical public space, the cyber world has provided them with a space to publish their statements and political analyses. Above all, the most popular form of online publishing remains the “post” on virtual walls. Posts encompass everything from the kindest and most admirable of writings to the worst invectives.
The virtual world has served the revolution greatly, but it has also revolutionized old thinking and mechanisms of collaboration in the revolutionary movement.